If you`re buying or selling a home in Texas, you`ll need a real estate contract to legally seal the deal. A real estate contract, also known as a purchase agreement, outlines the terms and conditions of the sale. It`s a legally binding document that protects both parties involved in the transaction.

In Texas, real estate contracts are governed by the Texas Real Estate Commission (TREC). TREC provides standard forms for real estate contracts, but these forms can be customized to fit the specifics of each transaction.

Here`s a breakdown of the key components of a Texas real estate contract:

Identification of the Parties Involved

The contract should identify the buyer, seller, and any agents or representatives involved in the transaction. This includes their names, addresses, and contact information.

Property Details

The property being bought or sold should be described in detail, including its physical address, legal description, and any other pertinent information, such as the size of the lot or the number of bedrooms and bathrooms.

Purchase Price and Payment Terms

The purchase price of the property should be listed, along with the payment terms. This includes the amount of the deposit, the amount of the down payment, and the payment schedule for the remaining balance.

Closing Date

The contract should specify the closing date, which is the day the buyer takes possession of the property and the sale is finalized.


Most real estate contracts include contingencies, which are conditions that must be met before the sale can be completed. Common contingencies include obtaining financing, completing a home inspection, and resolving any title issues.

Closing Costs

The contract should detail who is responsible for paying the various closing costs associated with the transaction, such as appraisal fees, title insurance, and attorney fees.

Default and Remedies

The contract should outline what happens if either party fails to fulfill their obligations under the contract. This includes the remedies available to the non-defaulting party, such as terminating the contract or suing for damages.


Finally, the contract must be signed by all parties involved in the transaction. This includes the buyer, seller, and any agents or representatives.

In conclusion, understanding the components of a Texas real estate contract is crucial for anyone buying or selling property. It`s important to work with an experienced real estate agent and/or attorney to ensure that the contract is customized to your specific needs and protects your interests.

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